What Is In Moringa, And How It Can Improve Your Health

happy-woman-with-arms-outstretched1.jpgThe human body is incredible. It can, on its own, heal cuts and scrapes, even mend broken bones and prevent diseases. But our bodies need the proper nutrition to be able to do that. Vitamins, minerals, amino acids, proteins, antioxidants and more are the tools our bodies need to maintain good health and vitality. 

Moringa is not a cure for anything, but it does provide the nutrition your body needs. If your body is lacking in nutrition then it won't have the tools it needs to repair itself and prevent diseases.      

Modern farming (Big Agra) is more concerned with profit than nutrition. Foods today are 50% less nutritious than they were years ago. So even if you eat a healthy diet it is possible to be lacking proper nutrition. 

It is also common to be overweight and malnourished at the same time due to poor food choices. 

Green Virgin Products Moringa powder is wild crafted. We are the only moringa seller that uses wild crafted moringa. We use 100% leaf as the leaf is the most nutritious part of the tree. We are the only company that uses far infra red drying and oxidation free packaging. Our moringa is the most potent moringa you can buy.

There were recently several compounds discovered in moringa that are new and some are unique to moringa. We will add info as it becomes available.

 

All The Nutritional Compounds Mentioned Below Are Found Naturally In Green Virgin Products Moringa.

 

1) Moisture Content-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ---------------  5.5 g/100g

2) Protein-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ------- -- -- -- 28.3 g/100g

Proteins consist of multiple chains of amino acids and are considered the building blocks of our life. Digestion or breaking down of protein yields a range of amino acids which is utilized by our body for overall growth, repairing tissues and break down of food.

Types of amino acids

Amino acids can be divided into three groups:

Essential amino acids: These amino acids cannot be synthesized by the body and must be provided through the food. There are nine essential amino acids namely histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, valine.

Non-essential amino acids: These amino acids are formed by the body either from the breakdown of proteins or from the essential amino acids. Alanines, Asparagine, Aspartic acid, Glutamic acid are non-essential amino acids.

Conditional amino acids: These amino acids are essential only during stress or sickness. Conditional amino acids are arginine, cysteine, glutamine, glycine, ornithine, proline, serine, and tyrosine.

Not getting enough Protein in your diet leads to Edema – A collection of fluid under the skin, which most commonly affects the legs, feet, and ankles, but can occur anywhere on the body, Weight loss, Ridges or deep lines in finger and toe nails, Thinning or brittle hair and hair loss, Skin becomes very light and burns easily in the sun, Reduced pigmentation in the hair on scalp and body, Skin rashes, dryness, flakiness, General weakness and lethargy, Muscle soreness and weakness, cramps, Slowness in healing wounds, cuts, scrapes, and bruises, Bedsores and other skin ulcers, Difficulty sleeping, Headache, Nausea and stomach pain, Fainting, crankiness, moodiness, Severe depression, Lack of energy, no desire to do things (Grosvenor, 2010)

3) Total Fat-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --------- -- -- 7.2 g/100g

Not All Fat Is Bad, You don't want to eliminate all fat from your diet. In fact, some fats actually help promote good health. But it's wise to choose the healthier types of dietary fat and then enjoy them in moderation. 

There are numerous types of fat. Your body makes its own fat from taking in excess calories. Some fats are found in foods from plants and animals and are known as dietary fat. Dietary fat is a macronutrient that provides energy for your body.

Fat is essential to your health because it supports a number of your body's functions. Some vitamins, for instance, must have fat to dissolve so they can be used by your body.

Research about the possible harms and benefits of dietary fat is always evolving. And a growing body of research suggests that when it comes to dietary fat, you should focus on eating healthy fats and avoiding unhealthy fats.

There are two main types of potentially harmful dietary fat:

The types of potentially helpful dietary fat are mostly unsaturated:

4) Carbohydrate-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ---------- -- 25.1 g/100g

Carbohydrates usually get blamed when someone gains weight. Dieters think of reducing rice, wheat, beans or legumes wherever they think of reducing weight. However it is necessary to understand that not all carbohydrates are bad.

Benefits of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates provide energy required for your daily activities. Apart from providing energy, they also have other benefits.

1. Provide Energy

All your activities need energy. Even a simple activity like walking or even breathing needs energy. The main source of energy required for your daily requirements comes from glucose. The source of glucose is from the starches and sugars you eat. Starches and sugars get broken down to simple sugar with help of insulin during the process of digestion. Glucose is then enters the cell wall. The extra sugar available from food gets stored muscles, liver, or other parts of your body. This then gets converted in fat later.

2. Prevent Diseases

The fibrous food provides your ammunition for fighting certain diseases like type 2 diabetes and obesity. Fiber also helps in digestion and keeping cholesterol and heart diseases under control. Fiber can be obtained from whole grains and dietary fiber. Exercise and proper intake of calories can prevent many diseases like type 2 diabetes and heart related problems. Low fat, low cholesterol carbs can eliminate or reduce heart related diseases.

3. Control Weight

Carbohydrates get blamed for weight gain, but the fact is they can help you in reducing or controlling weight if done properly. The thinking that reduction in intake of carbs is the only solution to reducing weight is fallacious. Proper selection of your carbs in fact helps you in reducing weight. The proper diet of fruits, vegetables, and fibrous foods actually help you in weight loss. Diets rich in carbohydrates can be helpful in reducing weight and controlling muscle tones in sharp contrast with fad diets would like you to believe.

5) Dietary Fiber-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ---------- --  24.5 g/100g

Deficiency Symptoms of fiber

A deficiency of fiber is a major cause of obesity in US citizens. It also increases the risk of diabetes, heart attacks, and strokes. Whole grains and cereals are known to reduce the risk of major heart problems by almost 30-40%. Include fibrous substances in your diet helps to prevent a host of chronic illnesses from affecting your body. The Food and Drug Administration has judged fiber to be essential for the regulation of bowel functions.

Health Benefits of Fiber

Fiber is a plant substance that is not found in animals. Fibrous substances are vital for the human body and the digestive tract. It also aids in the prevention of many illnesses. Some of the health benefits of fiber are as follows:

Indigestion and Constipation: The most important use of fiber is in digesting food. Fibrous substances add considerable bulk to your stool. It helps your stool become big and soft, thus making it easier to pass through the intestinal tract. Eating fiber rich foods can help cure constipation, thereby helping to avoid many other serious health conditions that can often develop as a result of this uncomfortable situation.

Heart Ailments: Foods that contain soluble fiber, such as barley, beans, and lentils have a good effect on cholesterol levels and normal functioning of the heart. Citrus fruits have similar effects on the human system.

Cancer: Medical experts suggest that fibrous food helps in protecting against colon cancer, breast cancer, and ovarian cancer. Significant research is still ongoing to confirm these findings.

Diabetes: Normalized blood sugar levels are essential for reducing the risk of diabetes. Diabetic people have found subsequent reductions in their glucose levels due to the intake of fiber-rich foods.

Obesity: Highly fibrous foods are more bulky than other food items. Taken under a dietary expert’s guidance, fibrous foods give the feeling of a full stomach and curb the urge to eat more. This helps people who would like to reduce their weight and control their eating habits without becoming hungry!

Toxins: Fiber speeds up the passing of food through the intestinal tract, thus preventing constipation or diverticulosis disorders. Toxic waste materials are also easily flushed out of the system through soft and easy stools.

6) Energy-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ----- -  327 Kcal/100g

7) Sodium-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ---- 65.7 mg/100g

Symptoms of Sodium Deficiency

The recommended intake of sodium is 2400mg/day. If you do not supply your body with enough sodium, the deficiency symptoms can range from irritating to fatal. One of the most seriously impacted areas of the body is the nervous system, which will begin to shut down. In general, its deficiency leads to diarrhea, vomiting, headache, weakness, low blood pressure, lethargy, weight loss, confusion, dizziness and muscular irritability.

While the deficiency of sodium is dangerous, an excess of sodium can also cause high blood pressure, swelling of the neural tissues and nerves, and cerebral edema. If the situation is not alleviated, it can even lead to a coma.

Reduction in the amount of sodium also reduces the fat accumulated in the peripheral parts of the body. Furthermore, excess sodium elevates the chances of lung infection. Depletion of the level of sodium is an invitation to a host of diseases that can cause exhaustion, exertion and mental apathy.

Health Benefits of Sodium

Sodium is generally present in very small quantities in nearly every natural food. When it is added in form of common salt, it not only increases the flavor, but also completes the necessary requirement of balanced diet. The health benefits include:

Water Balance: Sodium is one of the minerals that helps to regulate fluid levels in the human body. Sodium and water balance are closely linked. Sodium gateways and channels are what pump water into the cell and regulate the amount of extracellular fluid in the body.

Sunstroke: It is caused due to the failure of the heat regulating system in the human body. This form of heat exhaustion is caused due to continuous exposure to very high temperatures. This exposure causes the body to lose its capacity to maintain normal temperature. This condition is further aggravated due to the loss of salt and water from the body. Thus, sodium plays a vital role in preventing sun stroke or heat exhaustion by replacing the loss of essential electrolytes. Besides water, drinking fluids containing salt and sugar is favorable against sunstroke. Salt can also be mixed with the juice of raw mangoes to provide even more relief. Sodium levels and fluid balance are very important for endurance athletes as well as those who live extremely active lifestyles.

Brain Function: The brain is very sensitive to change in sodium levels of the body; deficiency of sodium often manifests as confusion and lethargy. It aids in keeping the mind sharp, and it is an important element for the development of the brain, since it works to improve brain function.

Muscle Cramps: These are caused mostly during the hot summer months due to electrolyte imbalance and dehydration. Along with properly hydrating the body, it is also important to supplement one’s body with sodium-rich juices and fluids to restore the amount of electrolytes.

Anti-aging: Sodium is an important hydrating product contained in many anti-aging creams. It defends against the free radicals that accelerate the aging process. Furthermore, it helps to restore youthful and healthy skin.

Eliminates Excess Carbon Dioxide: Sodium plays an important role in the removal of any excess carbon dioxide that has accumulated in the body.

Regulates Glucose Absorption: Sodium helps to facilitate the absorption of glucose by cells, resulting in the smooth transportation of nutrients in the body’s cell membranes.

Maintains Acid/Base Balance: By altering the proportions of acid-base alkali phosphates in the body, sodium controls the  reaction of the kidneys and the frequency and content of urination.

Regulation of Fluids: One of the most notable health benefits of sodium is its ability to balance the osmotic pressure in the human body due to the regulation of fluid in the body’s cells.

Balance of Ions: Sodium shares an association with chlorides and bicarbonates in maintaining a sound balance between two types of ions, both positively charged ions and negatively charged ones.

Maintains Heart Health: Sodium can help to maintain normal contractions of the heart. It plays a vital role in maintaining the blood pressure of the human body, but an excessive increase in its content can dramatically boost the blood pressure and result in serious health complications.

 

8) Iron-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  7.34 mg/100g

Iron Deficiency Symptoms

Iron deficiency may often cause severe fatigue, body weakness, and other related health ailments. People lacking it cannot perform normal functions in an optimal way. Furthermore, women and children need more iron than their male counterparts, and anemia strikes them particularly hard.  Severe deficiency may cause progressive skin ailments that cause brittleness of nails and extra smoothness in the tongue area. The enzymatic processes that require iron and the proteins that need it as a building block or co-factor will not be able to occur, and the body metabolism can slow or even shut down. Anemia is considered the most common global nutritional deficiency. 

Health Benefits of Iron

Hemoglobin Formation: Formation of hemoglobin is the main function of iron. Not only that, since iron is a part of hemoglobin, it gives the dark shade of red to the blood and also aids in transporting oxygen to the body cells. Additional hemoglobin is vitally important because human beings tend to lose blood in various ways, through injuries, both internal and external. Most notably, women lose considerable amounts of blood every month during their menstruation years, which is one of the major reasons why women are more likely to suffer from anemia than men.  Iron is a vital element for muscle health. It is present in the muscle tissues and helps to provide the supply of oxygen required for contraction of muscles. Without it, muscles lose their tone and elasticity; muscle weakness is one of the most obvious signs of anemia. 

Muscle Function: Iron is a vital element for muscle health. It is present in the muscle tissues and helps to provide the supply of oxygen required for contraction of muscles. Without it, muscles lose their tone and elasticity;muscle weakness is one of the most obvious signs of anemia.

Brain Function: Increased development of the brain is also one of the many benefits of iron. Since oxygen supply in the blood is aided by it and the brain uses approximately 20% of the blood oxygen, iron is directly related to brain health and its functions. Proper flow of blood in the brain can stimulate cognitive activity and help to create new neural pathways to prevent cognitive disorders like dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, so proper iron intake and its subsequent brain oxygenation is essential.

Restless Leg Syndrome: Iron deficiency is one of the causes of restless leg syndrome. Most research on this syndrome has concentrated on iron. Low levels in the blood are a major cause of the condition, so proper intake of iron can cure this problem. This is connected to muscle spasms, which can be one of the symptoms of its deficiency. 

Regulation of Body Temperature: Iron is an important facilitator for regulating body temperature.

Oxygen Carrier: One of the most important health benefits of iron is that it acts as a carrier of oxygen and thus participates in transferring oxygen from one body cell to other.

Iron Deficiency Anemia: Iron is helpful in the treatment of a severe disorder called iron deficiency anemia, which results from a lack of iron in the human body. This is where most of these health benefits come from, as a result of preventing this terrible disease that affects millions of people around the world. It is the most common nutritional deficiency on the planet. It also helps in the treatment of chronic disorders like renal failure anemia, and other chronic diseases of the intestinal and excretory system. These are not related to blood necessarily, like most other iron functions, but remember, iron is still a key part of many necessary processes throughout the body’s systems, not just the circulatory system. 

Chronic Diseases: Iron actively takes part in the synthesis of a number of essential neurotransmitters like dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. These chemicals play a major role in different activities involving neurons and the human brain. 

Fatigue: Health benefits of iron also include the elimination of unexplained or chronic fatigue, which may occur in both men and women. Its deficiency is a natural cause of fatigue since it is an important component of hemoglobin. So, the inclusion of iron in your diet keeps you fit, healthy, and energetic.

Immune System: Iron also plays a key role in providing strength to the immune system of the human body. Thus, the body is made proficient enough to fight against a number of diseases and infections. Red blood cells are necessary for providing oxygen to damaged tissues, organs, and cells. Without it, there would be no hemoglobin; without hemoglobin, there would be no oxygen. The healing process needs iron to happen!

Energy Metabolism: Iron is an important participant of energy metabolism. This process is how energy is extracted from food and subsequently distributed to different body parts.

Enzyme Systems:  Iron happens to be the most important constituent of various enzymatic systems and other important constituents like myoglobin, cytochromes and catalase. Without these functioning properly, a number of organ systems would slow down or shut down completely.

Insomnia: Iron is also useful in treating insomnia in the human body and also improves the sleeping habits and quality of people by regulating their circadian rhythms. Proper red blood cell count can also result in less fluctuation of blood pressure, which can often keep people awake at night.

Concentration: Iron, can help focus concentration and energy, which will boost cognitive and mental performance. Increased flow of blood to the brain due to iron’s red blood cell activity is what results in this important benefit.

9) Calcium-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ----- -- --  2,180 mg/100g

Symptoms of Calcium Deficiency

Recognizing the deficiency in the body is quite easy. It occurs when your muscles ache and twitch, or if you get sudden cramps and spasms. Also, if you suffer from palpitations, high blood pressure, osteoporosis, loose teeth and gum diseases,insomnia, premenstrual cramps, tetany, hypertension and arthritis, that may also indicate calcium deficiency. Often, many children suffer from rickets, where the bones become weak and flexible, they have bowed legs, sunken chests and beaded ribs. These children have not been nourished with calcium since birth.  Thus, a regular calcium supply is very important in growing children and teenagers as it can substantially reduce the risks of osteoporosis in old age. This bone ailment is common in one out of every three women and in one man in every 12, above 50 years of age.

Benefits of Calcium

Strengthens Bones: Calcium strengthens the bones and ensures the right shape to the body, as well as helping to alleviate the presence of back pain. It helps to keep the bones in their proper shape and prevents many skeletal complaints like arthritis and osteoporosis, which is extremely painful.

Prevents Obesity: Calcium efficiently helps in maintaining optimal body weight in both males and females. If there is any deficiency of the mineral in your diet, the body will tend to release parathyroid hormone, which in turn stimulates the bones to release it into your blood stream. This maintains the balance. On the other side, parathyroid hormone also stimulates the production of fat and prevents its break down, which can subsequently make you obese.

Protects Cardiac Muscles: Calcium protects your heart muscles. Calcium can help cardiac muscles to contract and relax properly. It also helps the nervous system maintain the proper pressure in your arteries. If there is a calcium drop, a hormone called calcitriol is released, which contracts the smooth muscles of the arteries, thereby increasing blood pressure. 

Prevents Colon Cancer: Calcium prevents overall risk of colon cancer and suppresses the growth of polyps that can lead to cancer. Its supplementation reduces the risk of adenomas, as well as nonmalignant tumors in the colon. This is actually a precursor to colon cancer, but it’s still not known if calcium intake minimizes the cancer risk completely. The excess mineral is left in your intestines after your body absorbs what it needs. On its way through the colon, this unabsorbed calcium is believed to bind with cancer promoters so they’re excreted together from the body. Studies have shown that both food sources of calcium and its supplements provide this protective effect. 

Prevents Premenstrual Depression: It lessens the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome like dizziness, mood swings, hypertension and many others. Low levels of the mineral might trigger the release of the hormones that are responsible for premenstrual mood swings including irritability and depression.

Prevents Kidney Stones: Kidney stones are actually crystallized deposits of calcium and other minerals in the human urinary tract. The most common form of kidney stones is oxalate stones. Previously, it was thought that high calcium intake or high absorption of the mineral develops kidney stones, but the latest studies show that high dietary calcium intake decreases the risk of kidney stones considerably. In short, dietary calcium does not cause kidney stones, but excess amounts of the mineral present in water results in kidney stones. Other factors like high oxalate consumption from leafy vegetables like kale and spinach, as well as reduced fluid consumption can prove to be a big cause for kidney stones.

Ensures a Healthy Alkaline pH Level: Junk foods, excess sugars, and preserved foods contribute in forming acidity in the body, which in turn could give rise to various disease conditions like cancer, kidney stones and hypertension. Calcium helps to maintain a healthy pH level, thereby improving your vitality and overall health.

Controls Blood Pressure: Some research has stated that a vegetarian diet with high amount of calcium, magnesium, potassium, and fiber will result in reduced blood pressure. While other researchers concluded with different opinions and said that increased calcium intake results in hypertension. Later, it was seen that the reason for such assorted results was because these studies tested the effect of single nutrients rather than the food sources having that nutritional content. The National Institutes of Health conducted a research study called “Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)”. The “typical American” diet was compared with two altered diets that were rich in fruits and vegetables and a combo “DASH” diet stuffed with fruits, vegetables, and calcium. The results showed that increased calcium intake results in decreased blood pressure.

Maintains Healthy Teeth and Gums: Calcium protects your teeth by keeping the jaw bone strong and sturdy throughout your life, which in turn ensures tight fitting teeth where bacteria cannot thrive. Thus, before your teeth and gums start giving you any trouble, be sure to maintain a calcium rich diet.

Helps in Transportation of Nutrients: It helps in the easy movement of nutrients across cell membranes.

10) Potassium-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ------ -- --  1,100 mg/100g

Symptoms of Potassium Deficiencyfatigue, muscle weakness, inactive reflexes, abnormal heartbeat, heart  palpitations, anemia, severe headaches, high blood pressure, pain in their intestines, swelling in their glands and diabetes.

Health Benefits of Potassium, Potassium plays an important role in keeping brain function at a normal level. High levels of potassium allow more oxygen to reach the brain, thereby stimulating neural activity and increasing cognitive function. It is important in preventing the occurrence of stroke in the human brain. It is not a secret that people at high risk for this tragic condition are often found to be deficient in this essential nutrient. Since potassium acts as a vasodilator, the blood vessels relax throughout the body when proper amounts of potassium are consumed. This means that blood flows more freely, and is less likely to clot and break off to cause strokes. 

Low blood sugar: A decrease in the potassium level causes a drop in blood sugar. Decreases in blood sugar can cause sweating, headache, weakness, trembling and nervousness.

Muscle Disorders and Cramps: Potassium plays an important role in regular muscle contraction. A sufficient concentration of potassium is required for the regular contraction and relaxation of muscles. Most of the potassium ions in the human body are located in the muscle cells. It maintains optimal muscle and nerve function, and helps to keep our reflexes fast because it stimulates the neural connectivity of muscles and the brain! Muscle cramps are a common result of low levels of potassium in the blood, a condition called hypokalemia. 

Bone Health: The benefits of potassium even extend to improving the health of your bones. There are certain qualities of potassium which neutralize various acids throughout the body which retain and preserve calcium, making it inaccessible to use for bone strength and durability. Furthermore, a study at the Linus Pauling Institute Micronutrient Information Center claims that eating fruits and vegetables that have high levels of potassium results in higher mineral density in bones, further strengthening and prolonging the life of your bones!

Brain function: Potassium plays a key role in maintaining the electrical conductivity of the brain and dramatically affect brain function. It is also involved in higher brain function like memory and learning. In addition to this, serious ailments like epilepsy are related to the dysfunction of potassium channels that can occur through potassium deficiency.  There are actually potassium currents that play a major role in mammalian neurones. These channels are interconnected with a vast array of neural function and can help moderate and regulate electrical currents throughout the body!

Blood Pressure: Potassium is helpful in reversing the role of sodium in unbalancing normal blood pressure. Thus, it acts as a vital component that maintains the normality of blood pressure in the human body. This further reduces the risk of heart diseases and hypertension. Regulation of blood pressure is one of the most important functions of this powerful mineral. As mentioned earlier, potassium has vasodilating properties that work to relieve the tension of blood vessels, which is one of the main causes of high blood pressure.

Muscular Strength: One of the most useful benefits of potassium is its role in ensuring the proper growth of muscle tissues and the proper utilization of energy released during metabolism, which adds significantly to muscular strength. The muscles, including those all-important cardiac muscles, are prone to paralysis due to a deficiency of potassium in a person’s diet. Stimulating cell growth and providing the metabolic energy to do so is a vital function of potassium, and muscular health would be compromised without it. Also, without the contractions and relaxations that potassium allows muscles to perform, exercise and additional muscle training would be impossible!

Metabolism: Potassium assists in the metabolic processing of various nutrients like fats and carbohydrates. Thus, potassium is of great value in extracting the energy from nutrients that are consumed. Studies have shown that potassium is also integral in the synthesis of proteins, which have an impact of tissue regeneration, cell growth, and an overall balanced metabolism. 

Anxiety and Stress: Potassium is of great importance for people suffering from undesirable mental states like anxiety and stress. It is considered as a powerful stress buster and therefore ensures the efficient mental performance of the human body. Anxiety and stress are so detrimental to other parts of health that any bonus from things like potassium are considered a very good idea if you suffer from chronic stress. Potassium can help regulate various hormones in your body, including stress hormones like cortisol and adrenaline, excess amounts of which can be quite detrimental to a wide array of the body’s systems.

Heart and Kidney Disorders: The health benefits of potassium ensure good health for the heart as well as the kidneys. It plays an irreplaceable role in regulating the functions of the metabolism and keeping the heart and kidneys running smoothly. Additionally, this mineral assists kidneys in removing waste through the process of excretion. However, it is strongly advised to consult your doctor to get recommendations about potassium dosage, because potassium can help stimulate the body to absorb more calcium than necessary, which can actually calcify and cause kidney problems, rather than solve them.

Water Balance: Another significant role that potassium plays is in the maintenance of an optimal fluid balance in the human body. Different types of cells require a proper water balance for efficient functioning and potassium aids these cells in regulating the balance. Fluid balance keeps all of our organ systems functioning in one way or the other, which is why many people recommend eating bananas after athletic events, or after a heavy night of drinking, in order to rehydrate and optimize fluid balance.

Electrolytes: Potassium is also a great electrolyte in the human body. It helps in regulating the level of fluids in the body and thus aids in a number of critical body functions. Furthermore, electrolytes help to transmit electrical charges throughout the body from the brain and nervous system, so extra electrolytes keep everything functioning faster and more efficiently in the body!

Nervous System: In connection to the previous point about electrolytes, potassium helps to boost the efficiency of nerve reflexes that transmit message from one body part to another. This in turn helps in muscle contraction to perform various activities every day without tiring quickly, which are further benefited by potassium, which is required to induce muscle contraction and function.

11) Magnesium-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --------- --    483 mg/100g

Symptoms of magnesium deficiency include neck and back pain, anxiety, fatigue, migraines, muscle weakness and spasms, loss of appetite, vomiting, nausea, insomnia, abnormal heart rhythms, diarrhea, muscle twitching and Raynaud’s spastic vessels.

Benefits of magnesium, provides relief from stress and anxiety, reduces risk of asthma, diabetes and heart attack, ensures healthy pregnancy, helps in production of collagen that strengthens the body, provides relief from urination problems such as nephritis and interstitial cystitis, builds strong bones, relief from constipation, prevent back pain, migraines and muscle cramps, boosts energy production, regulates blood sugar levels in diabetics, helps to absorb vital vitamins and minerals, known to cure some of the worst forms of psychiatric dysfunctions such as panic attacks, stress, anxiety and undue agitation. 

12) Zinc-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  2.90 mg/100g

Symptoms of Zinc deficiency, Growth retardation, Low blood pressure ,Retarded bone growth, Loss of appetite, Loss of smell and taste sensesDepression, Rough skin/Pale Skin, Weight loss, Diarrhea, Hair loss, Fatigue, White spots under fingernails.

Benefits of zinc, helps fight acne, protects the prostate, improved mental function, can improve sense of taste and smell, decrease the severity and duration of colds and other mild illnesses, aids in weight loss for obese individuals, an essential nutrient during pregnancy, plays an important role in reproduction for both males and females, plays a key role in many biological functions such as diabetes control, stress level modulation, immune resistance, smell and taste, physical growth, appetite and digestion,  improves the rate of wound healing, boosts immunity and helps in promoting the fetus growth. It helps in protecting against infectious disorders and fungal infections, which include pneumonia and conjunctivitis, It's important for protein synthesis, enzymatic function and carbohydrate metabolism, helps in regulating cell growth, hormonal levels, DNA, regulating gene transcription, energy metabolism, plays a vital role in the prostate gland and prevents premature damage or strain, which can lead to problems like cancer, boosts energy levels, fights  osteoporosis and bone loss and helps improve vision and night blindness.   

13) Vitamin A (retinol)-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ------ --  3,060 µg/100g

Symptoms of vitamin A deficiencykeratinization (hardening like a callus of the skin, night blindness, burning or itching in the eyes, inflammation of the eyelids, xerophthalmia (dryness of the conjunctiva), dull lusterless hair, dandruff, brittle nails that break easily, sexual disorders, and precancerous changes in the body tissues, fatigue, insomnia and depression.

Health Benefits of Vitamin A, enhances the body’s immunity against infections, significantly cut down the risks of cataracts and macular degeneration, which is commonly associated with aging, ensures healthy and beautiful eyes, keeps the skin soft and supple by ensuring moisture retention, thereby preventing dryness, keratinization and skin conditions like psoriasis, strengthens the bones and teeth, prevents urinary stones, plays an essential role in ensuring proper muscle growth in children and growing teens, thereby preventing the chances of developing muscular dystrophy, prevents acne, is also a powerful antioxidant, which can prevent certain forms of cancer, is famous for its wrinkle-eliminating properties, which can reduce age spots and fine lines. It can slow down the aging process by enhancing the overall health of the skin, lowers blood cholesterol levels, thereby protecting you against the serious risks of heart disease and stroke, aiding the health and functionality of the reproductive system.

Alfa-Carotene-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ---------- --  100 µg/100g

Alpha-carotene is part of the carotenoid family, and is one of the most abundant carotenoids in a healthy diet. Your body can convert alpha and beta-carotene into vitamin A for the maintenance of healthy skin and bones, good vision, and a robust immune system. 

Because the body converts alpha-carotene to vitamin A, alpha-carotene is called a precursor to vitamin A, or a provitamin A compound. As a precursor to vitamin A, alpha-carotene is only about half as effective as beta-carotene, another well-known carotenoid. 

However, alpha-carotene may be even more effective than beta-carotene in its role as an antioxidant. 

Antioxidants are enzymes that stop free radicals from causing cells to break down, or oxidize. Powerful antioxidants like alpha-carotene remove destructive free radicals from the body before they cause the tissue damage that can lead to chronic diseases like heart disease and cancer. 

In addition, alpha-carotene may help prevent cancer by stimulating cell-to-cell communication, a process which researchers now believe is necessary to ensure proper cell division. 

Beta-Carotene-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ------------  36,700 µg/100g

Beta carotene is an anti aging micronutrient of the highest order, standing firmly alongside Vitamin CVitamin E, and the mineral Selenium in its ability to reduce illness, improve overall health, and increase longevity. 

What can beta carotene do for you? Studies conducted over several years indicate that betacarotene may play a significant role in reducing the effects of certain illnesses (such as heart disease, decreased immune function, cataracts, and forms of cancer) and, in certain cases, perhaps even prevent them. 

Beta-carotene acts as a precursor of vitamin A, and is therefore called a provitamin A compound. Foods or supplements containing beta-carotene are converted to vitamin A for the maintenance of healthy skin, good vision, and a robust immune system. 

Beta-carotene is also a powerful antioxidant, and has been shown to help guard against cancer and heart disease. 

14) Thiamine (Vitamin B1)-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -------- -- 0.50 mg/100g

Vitamin B1 Deficiency Symptoms,  lethargy, irritability, loss of memory, loss of sleep or appetite, weight loss, indigestion or constipation, and calf muscle tenderness, If not treated these initial symptoms can lead to beriberi. 

Benefits of Vitamin B1Vitamin B1 is required for the release of energy, Vitamin B1 helps in the proper development of myelin sheaths around nerves. A deficiency of Vitamin B1 might result in the degeneration of these coverings, which can result in nerve death and damage. it can prevent heart disease, delay or prevent cataracts, protect your body from the signs of aging like wrinkles, age spots, and other age-related conditions that regularly affect the organs. Ensures proper digestion, Prevents or slows down the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. Improves your memory and powers of concentrationhealthy mental attitude.  plays an important role in the production of red blood cells, which in turn keeps people healthy, active, and energized.  improve appetite and mental alertness. Vitamin B1 is a water soluble vitamin, and will be expelled through urine. Therefore, make sure to maintain a well balanced diet that can resupply the necessary amounts of vitamin B1 regularly.

15) Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -------- -- -- 2.29 mg/100g

Vitamin B2 Deficiency Symptoms, bloodshot eyes, high sensitivity to light, a burning sensation of the eyes, parched lips, inflammation in the mouth, and a sore tongue, dull or oily hair, premature wrinkles, and split nails, improper functioning of adrenal glands, which in turn would result in anemia, chronic fatigue syndrome and cataract development. Riboflavin deficiency is thought to be a major cause for the fatal condition of preeclampsia in pregnant women. Riboflavin deficiency mainly manifests as skin lesions, especially over the tongue and around the corners of the mouth. If left untreated, it can lead to a swollen tongue, seborrheic dermatitis, and even impaired nerve function. Dandruff, low blood count, chipping of the lips and corners of the mouth, dizziness, hair loss, loss of sleep, poor digestion and slowed mental responses.

Benefits of Riboflavinplays a major role in the production of energy by assisting in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. It's essential for the formation of fresh red blood cells and antibodies in humans, which increases circulation and oxygenation to various organ systems of the body. Is very important for ensuring proper growth and development of the reproductive organs, and the growth of body tissues such as the skin, connective tissue, eyes, mucous membranes, nervous system and the immune system. In addition, it also ensures healthy skin, nails and hair growth. Regulates thyroid activity. Helps to prevent many conditions like migraine headaches, cataracts, acne, dermatitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and eczemaHelps in treating various nervous system conditions such as numbness, Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosisanxiety and epilepsy, among others. It is thought that riboflavin, combined with vitamin B6, is effective for treating the painful symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Is associated with the formulation of proteins, making it essential for normal growth of the body. Also plays a major role in ensuring healthy corneas and perfect vision. Studies have shown that riboflavin can slow down the progression of the AIDS virus.  It helps in the absorption of minerals such as ironfolic acid and other Vitamins such as B1, B3 and B6. Riboflavin plays an important role in the repair of tissues, the healing of wounds and other injuries that can take a long time to fully recover.  It plays a major role in maintaining and protecting the mucous membranes in the digestive system. It is regarded as an essential ingredient of a future mother’s diet, along with Vitamin A. Also helps to enhance natural immunity by strengthening the antibody reserves and by reinforcing the defense system against infections. Remember to have a well balanced diet to ensure the supply of riboflavin, which needs to be replenished daily.

16) Pyridoxamine (Vitamin B6) -- -- -- - -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  2.14 mg/100g

Vitamin B6 Deficiency Symptoms, fatigue, loss of appetite, dry skin, hair loss, cracks around the lips, insomnia, and swelling in the mouth and tongue, a reduction in walking coordination, anemia, irritability, mental confusion and weakness in different body parts.

Benefits of Vitamin B6Vitamin B6 is functional in working with a number of enzymatic systems in the human body to make these enzymes work in the desired manner. This close association between Vitamin B6 and enzymes helps to add significance to proper functioning of nervous system, in building up immunity, and in relieving problems like arthritis. Plays an important role in refurbishing the immune system of the human body to the required functional level. This helps the human body to withstand a number of infections, which can easily victimize the body in the absence of this important vitamin. It's admired for its ability of metabolizing a number of nutrients to extract energy. Hence, one may look upon this vitamin for the metabolism of fats, vitamins, carbohydrates and other important components like amino acids. Plays a significant role in the treatment of premenstrual syndrome occurring in women. Pyridoxine is decreased in supply during this period, thus leading to moodiness, loss of sex drive and other problems. Is responsible for treating a number of emotional disorders. The deficiency of this vitamin may affect the formation of hormones and unbalances the level of these hormones, which ultimately leads to emotional disturbances. Thus, the intake of Vitamin B6 is necessary to control these hormones and treat emotional disorders. One of the most significant benefits of Vitamin B6 is that it helps in maintaining the good condition of human skin. It helps in treating a number of skin problems, including eczema, dandruff, acnehair loss, and dry skin. More than that, it helps in treating serious skin diseases like melanoma and psoriasis.

17) Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --------------  97 mg/100g

Benefits of Vitamin Cenhances the immune system of our body, which protects us from colds and coughs. It facilitates the absorption of iron and therefore strengthens the body’s resistance to infection. It also fights against viruses. People with hypertension are at a high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Vitamin C helps in lowering blood pressure. vitamin C has effectively resulted in the proper dilation of blood vessels in the cases of atherosclerosis, congestive heart failure, high cholesterol, angina pectoris, and high blood pressure.  Lead Toxicity is a severe health problem. Abnormal development and growth has been found in some children who are exposed to lead. They develop behavioral problems, learning disabilities and also tend to have a low IQ. It may damage the kidneys and increase blood pressure in adults. Vitamin C can reduce the blood lead level. Cataracts are the most common visual problems. A decrease in the level of vitamin C in the lens of the eye has been found more commonly when cataracts are present. An increase of vitamin C intake increases the blood supply to the ocular areas of the body. Studies have shown that increased consumption of vitamin C is connected with a decreased possibility of cancers of the lungs, mouth, vocal chords, throat, colon, rectum, stomach, and esophagus. It also combats strokes. It plays a key role in the production of neurotransmitters, like norepinephrine. They affect the mood of a person, and they are critical to the proper functioning of the brain. It is also known for its contribution to the immune system and its stimulation of white blood cells. Vitamin C also helps to repair wounds. It facilitates the growth of the connective tissues, which speeds up the process of healing wounds.

18) Vitamin D-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --------------- -- -- -- --    ND

Vitamin D seems to be one of the only vitamins that moringa does not have an abundance of. Sunlight is the most important source of Vitamin D. Ultraviolet rays from the sun increase the speed of production of Vitamin D in the skin. Fifteen minutes of sun exposure a day is enough to complete your Vitamin D requirement. Vitamin D is found in a few foods.

19) Vitamin E-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 84.2 mg/100g

Benefits of Vitamin EThis vitamin is lipid-soluble, which means that it helps in cell-membrane stability. The antioxidant content in Vitamin E protect our cells from the negative effects of free radicals. Free radicals are the byproducts of our body’s metabolic process. These free radicals are harmful to our body as they damage cells ,which further increases the chances of the body developing chronic diseases like cancer and other cardiovascular diseases. Vitamin E has the ability to limit the production of these free radicals, so it might help in the prevention of cancer and other chronic diseases.

It also plays a vital role in improving our immune system. It helps in DNA repair and also in improving the body’s metabolic processes. The intake of Vitamin E helps to stop the development of nitrosamines in our body. Nitrosamines are carcinogens that are formed in the stomach from nitrates in our diet. This helps in the improvement of our metabolic process. Vitamin E also helps protect some of the sensitive tissues of our body, like the skin, liver, eyes, breasts, and testes. 

Research has shown that Vitamin E helps prevents or delays the onset of heart diseases. Blockages in the coronary arteries can sometimes cause heart attacks and these blockages in the arteries are promoted by the oxidative changes by LDL-cholesterol in the body. Vitamin E has the vital component of antioxidants, which limit the oxidation LDL-cholesterol and thus help to prevent heart disease. One of the major reasons for heart attacks is blood clots. Research shows that Vitamin E helps in the elimination of blood clots, which in turn helps to avoid heart attacks.  

People with a high intake of Vitamin E have shown better lens clarity as compared to those who don’t consume appropriate amounts of vitamin E. Antioxidants present in Vitamin E aid in reducing or delaying the growth of cataracts and other conditions associated with premature aging.

20) Polyphenol-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ------ -- --  2,170 mg/100g

Polyphenols are the most abundant antioxidants in the diet. Current evidence strongly supports a contribution of polyphenols to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and osteoporosis and suggests a role in the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases and diabetes mellitus

 

Additional natural nutritional compounds in our Moringa Leaf Powder. 

 

Arginine: An Essential Amino Acid, according to the Journal of the American Medical Association, 31% of men and 43% of women, suffer from sexual dysfunction. Hundreds of studies show Arginine is a prosexual nutrient for men and women.  

Alanine: An Amino Acid, helps the body convert the simple sugar glucose into energy and eliminate excess toxins from the liver. Also helps protect cells from being damaged during exercise, when the body cannibalizes muscle protein to help produce energy.

Alkaloid Moringine: Anti asthmatic, Clinical testing showed significant improvement for patients with bronchial asthma.

Asparagine: An Amino Acid, Central nervous system balance is maintained by sufficient amounts of asparagine in the body. Sufficient amounts of asparagine in the body prevents a person from suffering increased nervousness or too much sedation in daily life.

Aspartic acid: An Amino Acid, Aspartic acid, also known as L-aspartate, is thought to help promote a robust metabolism, and is used to treat fatigue and depression. Studies have shown that aspartic acid actually increases both stamina and endurance levels in athletes.

Benzaldehyde: Sometimes mistakenly called bitter almond oil because benzaldehyde is the primary component of bitter almond oil. Has been shown to have cancer fighting abilities.

Beta-sitosterol: Cholesterol lowering effects, Beta-sitosterol is used for heart disease and high cholesterol. It is also used for boosting the immune system and for preventing colon cancer, as well as for gallstones, the common cold and flu, HIV/AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, tuberculosis, psoriasis, allergies, cervical cancer, fibromyalgia, systemic lupus, erythematosus (SLE), asthma, hair loss, bronchitis, migraine headache, and chronic fatigue syndrome.

Vitamin B7 (Biotin)

Deficiency Symptoms of vitamin B7,  

fatigue, depression, muscle pain, hair loss, depression, anemia, distinct loss of appetite, dermatitis and the appearance of a dry scalp or dandruff. The most serious symptoms include neurological disorders and restricted growth in infants.

Benefits of Vitamin B7

Metabolism: B7, is considered as a catalyst for controlling a number of metabolic reactions that provide energy from the metabolism of important components like fats, proteins and carbohydrates. These processes are very important for the human body to carry out routinely in order to work properly and stay in good shape.

Skin care: B7 is an essential component for maintaining good health of the skin and hair. It is also beneficial for keeping nails in good condition. It helps to revitalize reduced skin color due to pollution and bad health. This is why a person that experiences dry scalp or hair loss might be suffering from a deficiency of Vitamin B7 in their diet.

Tissue Maintenance: B7 helps in the growth and maintenance of muscle tissues and repairing these tissues in case of any type of damage. It also ensures the proper functioning of nervous system tissues, along with optimal growth of bone marrow.

Weight Loss: B7 is helpful in reducing surplus fat from the human body and maintaining a healthy weight. People suffering from obesity are generally recommended by doctors to include food that is rich in vitamin B7 in their daily diet plan.

Heart Problems: B7 is helpful for ensuring the proper functioning of the heart by relieving it from most crucial problems. It helps in reducing the level of cholesterol in the human body, which is a major cause of conditions like atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes.

Synthesis of Components: B7 is considered a synthesizer for a number of vital components, which play irreplaceable roles in maintaining optimal health for the human body. For instance, this vitamin helps in the processing of glucose to extract appropriate amounts of energy. Also, it helps in the synthesis of fatty acids and amino acids within the body.

Blood Sugar: It is a proven fact that Vitamin B7 is helpful in maintaining proper levels of sugar in the blood, which is definitely good news for people that suffer from diabetes. It helps the human body to regulate insulin, thereby reducing the risk of widely fluctuating blood sugar levels, which can often lead to diabetes.

Other Benefits: Adding to the already long list, Vitamin B7 is also helpful in treating a number of diseases like alopecia, Parkinson’s disease, Rett syndrome and vaginal candidiasis. Finally, it is a beneficial vitamin for the treatment of certain serious conditions like seborrhea dermatitis, Crohn’s disease, and peripheral neuropathy.
 
Caffeoylquinic acid: Also known as Chlorogenic acid. An Antioxidant, with Hepatoprotective effects (liver protection) and weight loss effects. It's an anti-inflammatory, an antitussive, a potent antiarthritic agent, has antimicrobial effects and seems to have anti cancer properties.

CampesterolScientists have found that campesterol and other plant sterols often decrease LDL or bad cholesterol levels overall. That leads some scientists to view campesterol as a valuable element in controlling cholesterol and lowering the risk of heart disease. 

Chlorophyll: Has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimutagenic, anti-carcinogenic and wound-healing properties. Also helps the blood carry more oxygen for increased stamina and better health. Helps control hunger and cravings. Controls body odors.

ChromiumChromium has been shown to do the following: control insulin and normalize blood sugar levels (making it a diabetes fighter), lower bad cholesterol levels (LDL, or low density lipids), raise good cholesterol levels (HDL, or high density lipids), increase immune system functioning, reduce the incidence of heart disease, lower blood pressure, and even boost levels of DHEA

DHEA, or dehydroepiandrosterone, is a hormone with reputed longevityanti aging properties. High insulin levels (which chromium has been shown to mediate) decrease the body's production of DHEA and, correspondingly, getting more chromium can result in higher DHEA production levels. 

CopperCopper is the third most abundant trace mineral in the body, and helps protect the cardiovascular, skeletal, and nervous systems. It is needed to make an enzyme that keeps your arteries from hardening and possibly rupturing, and for the production of phospholipids, which help form the myelin sheath surrounding the nerves. The body also has to have copper to produce the powerful antioxidant, Superoxide Dismutase (SOD). 

Copper plays a key role in the development and maintenance of healthy skin and hair. The body needs copper to produce the skin pigment melanin, which colors the skin, hair, and eyes. When hair turns gray due to copper deficiency, taking copper supplements may reverse the process. Copper also helps regulate the function of lysyl oxidase, an enzyme needed for the creation of collagen in the bones, connective tissues, and skin. Many topical creams designed to firm and restore the skin’s elasticity now contain copper peptides as an active ingredient. 

Copper helps the body fight cardiovascular disease. It promotes low cholesterol levels, and discourages the development of atherosclerosis and aortic aneurysms by keeping collagen and elastin fibers healthy. Heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmias) and high blood pressure have been linked to an absence of copper in the diet. Copper also helps supply the heart with healthy, oxygenated blood. It works together with iron in the respiration and synthesis of hemoglobin. In fact, copper is believed to be necessary for proper storage, use, and release of the iron needed to produce hemoglobin in red blood cells. For this reason, copper is sometimes used to treat anemia. 

Approximately 50 percent of the body’s total copper content is found in the bones and muscles. Copper is a common treatment for rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis—because it helps promote healthy collagen in the body, copper may relieve aching joints and minimize loss in mineral bone density. Copper is also part of the compounds ceruloplasmin and SOD, antioxidants that may help reduce arthritis symptoms.

Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12): Although most moringa websites are claiming moringa has vitamin B12 we can not find any scientific evidence that moringa contains B12. 

Cysteine: An Amino Acid, L-cysteine is often touted as a natural remedy for the following. Angina, cardiovascular disease, chronic bronchitis, COPD, diabetes, flu, inflammation, inflammatory bowel disease, osteoarthritis. asthma, cystic fibrosis, emphysema and strengthens hair and nails.

Ethyl-4-benzyl carbamate: Not much information on the internet yet

Epigallocatechin gallateEGCG is a powerful antioxidant, and is most effective for cancer chemoprevention. may be effective in promoting fat oxidation and lowering body weight. Epigallocatechin gallate may provide health effects by protecting our cells from oxidative damage from free radicals. Helps prevent arteriosclerosis, heart diseases and accelerated aging by providing the most potent antioxidant activity of the catechins.   

FlavonoidsResearch on the potential health benefits of these compounds is mostly focused on the way they interact with other substances, especially in terms of their antioxidant activity. Antioxidant substances are able to change or neutralize the effects of reactive substances called free radicals that can damage cells, leading to disease. Many of the studies on flavonoids have been done on materials in test tubes or animals, so it's not entirely clear how effective they are in humans, but they may lower the risk of a variety of health problems, including cardiovascular disease, age-related degenerative diseases, and cancers. They may also help prevent tooth decay and reduce the occurrence of common illnesses, like the flu.

Folic Acid (vitamin B9)

Vitamin B9 Deficiency Symptoms

The symptoms include anemia, loss of memory, restricted growth of the brain and nerves, paranoia, weakness, skin cracking, and a sore tongue. Apart from those mentioned above, a deficiency of Vitamin B9 may also lead to severe problems like heart palpitations, birth defects, osteoporosis, bowel cancer, and leucopenia. Moreover, infertility and sterility are also reported in patients that are deficient in this vitamin.

Health Benefits of Vitamin B9

Heart Disorders: Vitamin B9 is a significant tool in improving the working of the human heart. It does so by removing homocysteine, which is one of the major causes of heart attacks at early ages. It controls the level of deposition of cholesterol on the human heart, thus ensuring that our cardiovascular system is saved from various disorders.

Stroke: Apart from causing heart attacks, homocysteine is also responsible for causing strokes, which are deadly events in the brain. Moreover, large amount of homocysteine in the body may also lead to weakening of bones, thus increasing the probability of frequent fractures. Vitamin B9, as mentioned before, helps in controlling the amount of this chemical in the body and reduces the fear of suffering a stroke.

Cancer: Vitamin B9 is considered to be an essential component for reducing the occurrence of cancer in the human body. It helps eradicate the chances of cancer in various forms, including cervical cancer, colon cancer, and lung cancer. Thus, it is recommended by doctors to include this vitamin in sufficient amounts in your daily diet plan.

Pregnancy and Birth Defects: Vitamin B9 is a reliable resource for limiting defects during pregnancy and the birth of a child. It is a common situation that pregnant women maintaining a diet deficient of this vitamin are far less likely to deliver a healthy child. The birth defects caused by its deficiency include neural tube defects. Thus, Vitamin B9 effectively improves the chances of giving birth to a healthy, happy child.

Building Muscles: Vitamin B9 is considered to be a muscle building component, since it helps in the growth and maintenance of muscle tissues.

Cell Enhancement: Vitamin B9 is an essential element in the formation of red blood cells. Also, this vitamin is a significant contributor for building and repairing skin cells in human body. The cells found in the small intestine lining are also fabricated from this vitamin. Vitamin B9 is also responsible for replacing old cells with new ones, keeping our body fresh and new.

Coenzyme: Vitamin B9 is considered as a coenzyme, which effectively works in association with enzymes to perform the most desirable and important activities of the body, like the synthesis of DNA.

Hemoglobin Formation: Vitamin B9 is responsible for improving the level of hemoglobin in human body. Hemoglobin is an essential component that helps in the transfer of oxygen to cells and organ systems that need it to function properly. This can boose energy levels and increase metabolic efficiency.

Mental and Emotional Disorders: Vitamin B9 is helpful in treating various mental and emotional disorders. For instance, it is helpful in treating anxiety and depression, which are two of the most common mental health problems suffered by people in today’s modern world.
 

Glutamic acid & Glutamine: An Amino Acid, The amino acids glutamine and glutamic acid are closely related. Our body is able to produce L-glutamine from glutamic acid. The demand for glutamine increases with physical and mental stress. Production slows with age and does not generate sufficient amounts. External supplementation is recommended. It regulates the acid-base ratio and keeps the skin firm. A sufficient supply of glutamine is important for firm and supple skin. If not enough glutamine is available, the body takes protein from muscle mass and converts it to glutamine and energy. This leads to muscle proteins being lost, muscle strands becoming thinner and the skin becoming generally saggy. Scientists call it the “internal fountain of youth”. It also strengthens the immune system and is essential for hair growth. Also combats fat storage and can be helpful when trying to lose weight. Glutamic acid deficiency. can cause, anxiety, tension, sleep disorders and insomnia and a lack of concentration. If the body has enough glutamine, it can build GABA (Glutamine increases the production of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). GABA is an important neurotransmitter which acts like a lock keeper to slow down the sodium channels between the nerve cells in the brain and is therefore like a natural tranquilizer). which can have positive results such as inner calm and tranquility, also in stressful situations, improved concentration levels and a more peaceful and fulfilling sleep.

Glutathione: Glutathione (or GSH) is the body’s own master antioxidant discovered way back in 1889. However, it was only about 30 years ago that the scientists began to understand its functions and discovered how to raise its levels. GSH is a small protein molecule composed of 3 amino acids: cysteine, glutamate, and glycine called GSH precursors or building blocks. 

GSH is produced out of these three precursors in every cell of the human body and performs many important roles, such as: 

    • Regulation of cell growth and division
      For cells to grow and divide they go through several very complex stages. Glutathione reduces the oxides, such as hydrogen peroxide, inside the cell that would otherwise prevent cell division and growth.  
    • DNA synthesis and repair (synthesis - reproduction/creation of a new copy)
      Glutathione protects the DNA from oxidative stress during cell division which allows for DNA synthesis (division). When the DNA is mutated by a free radical stealing an electron from the DNA, glutathione repairs the mutated DNA by giving up an electron to the DNA (replacing the DNA’s missing electron).  
    • Protein synthesis
      Glutathione maintains our proteins in their proper form. Its sulfur atom reacts with unnatural sulfur-sulfur bonds in proteins, breaking them and allowing the proper pairings to form.  
    • Amino acid transport (transport - movement into, out of, within a cell, or between cells, by means of some agent such as a transporter)
      Glutathione is predominately located in the cell, whereas a major fraction of the cellular y-glutamyl transpeptidase (glutathione enzyme) is on the external surface of cell membranes. This means intracellular glutathione is translocated out of many cells – glutathione moves substances, such as amino acids, in and out of the cell.  
    • Enzyme catalysis
      Glutathione provides the mechanism by which many enzymes are changed (reduced, transformed or changed from one state to another state). Glutathione is the bridge (catalysis) in the chemical reaction between some enzymes. 
    • Enzyme activation
      The highly reactive sulfide bond in glutathione wakes up or activates enzymes so that they carry out their function or are moved from one phase to the next.  
    • Metabolism of toxins (metabolism or biotransformation – breaking down, activating or transforming)
      In the liver, the enzyme glutathione S-transferase takes the sulfur from glutathione and attaches it to toxic molecules, this makes the toxin more water soluble (it is diluted in water easily). Once a toxin is water soluble, it is transported to the body's elimination systems and is excreted from the body.  
    • Metabolism of carcinogens
      Glutathione enzymes transform carcinogens, through chemical reaction, to unreactive and non-genotoxic compounds that can be eliminated without causing damage to the cell or DNA.  
    • Metabolism of xenobiotics (xenobiotics - chemical components (drugs and poisons) foreign to the body)
      Glutathione interacts with foreign chemicals (primarily, it is a scavenger of harmful xenobiotics that have been oxidized) compounds to neutralize and break them down, then eliminate them from the body.  
    • Conjugation to heavy metals (conjugation – joining with and transforming by becoming part of)
      Glutathione joins with heavy metals to neutralize them and eliminate them from the body.  
    • Conjugation to xenobiotics
      In some instances, depending on the state of the xenobiotic, glutathione joins with it instead of metabolizing it.  
    • Enhancement of systemic immune function
      The immune system works best if the lymphoid cells have properly balanced glutathione. The cloning of T-cells consumes large quantities of cysteine. Macrophages (type of white blood cells), which are only present in sufficient quintiles when there is sufficient glutathione, provide the cysteine for the T-cell cloning. Glutathione regulates the binding, internalization, degradation and T-cell proliferation by increasing, as much as two times, the number of binding cellular receptors. More receptors equates to more T-cells being produced simultaneously (multiple T-cell cloning). Cellular GSH also affects the growth and replication of T-cells through growth stimulating cytokines.  
    • Enhancement of humoral immune function
      The role of glutathione in the humoral response is that it protects the cells taking part in the humoral response all along this complex process. A quick synopsis of the humoral immune response: “humoral” means circulating in the bloodstream. This is an immune response (chiefly against bacterial invasion) that is mediated by B cells and involves the transformation of B cells into plasma cells that produce and secrete antibodies to a specific antigen. The process in a nutshell: macrophages engulf and digest the invading pathogen. The digested pieces activate helper T cells which in turn activate the proliferation of B cells that are programed for the specific invading pathogen.  
    • Resistance to UV radiation
      Glutathione detoxifies reactive oxygen radicals created by radiation which reduces the damage to the cell. Glutathione also interacts covalently and noncovalently (neutralizes the reactivity in several ways) with parts of the cell that keep the cell from triggering apoptosis (cell death).  
    • Decreases radiation damage
      The action of glutathione in decreasing the damage from radiation is the same as in resistance to UV radiation above.  
    • Decreases free radical damage
      The crucial cysteine molecule is the key to the protection afforded by glutathione. Its sulfur atom scavenges destructive molecules (peroxides and free radicals) converting them to harmless compounds, such as water.  
    • Decreases oxyradical damage
      Glutathione detoxifies reactive oxygen radicals by giving them an electron which effectively neutralizes them, or glutathione joins with the oxyradical which again neutralizes it.  
    • Metabolizing of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)
      Glutathione bio transforms hydrogen peroxide by turning it into harmless water.  
    • Recycling of other antioxidants (master antioxidant role)
      Glutathione recycles oxidized lipoic acid, vitamin C and E by restoring them to an active state, mostly by donating the electrons that they used in metabolizing (neutralizing) free radicals. So, instead of having this army of antioxidants flushed out, they are recycled by glutathione and sent back out to work.  
    • Storage and transport of cysteine
      Glutathione is a tripeptide made up of amino acids CYSTEINE, glycine and glutamate. Glutathione provides and determines the amount and availability of neuronal cysteine.  
    • Regulation of homocysteine
      The methionine cycle and the transsulfuration sequence compose the mechanisms for homocysteine metabolism. Transsulfuration sequence requires large quantities of cysteine. It is suspected that the rapid turnover of glutathione in the liver, kidneys, small intestine and pancreas accounts for the metabolism of homocysteine in these organs. Homocysteine metabolism also involves multiple enzymes. Excessive homocysteine is a known contributing factor of hardening of arteries (atherosclerosis).

Glycine: An Amino Acidis used by the body to create muscle tissue & convert glucose into energy. It's also essential for healthy central nervous and digestive systems, and provides protection via antioxidants from some types of cancer. Also prevents the breakdown of muscle by boosting the body’s levels of creatine, a compound that builds muscle mass. High concentrations of glycine are found not only in the muscles, but in the skin and other connective tissues as well. Almost a third of collagen, which keeps the skin & connective tissue firm and flexible, is composed of glycine. Without glycine the body would not be able to repair damaged tissues; the skin would become slack due to UV rays, oxidation, and free radical damage, and wounds would never heal. It also helps supply glucose needed for energy. It helps regulate blood sugar levels, and may be useful for treating symptoms characterized by low energy and fatigue, such as hypoglycemia, anemia, and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). Glycine is necessary for central nervous system function. Can help inhibit the neurotransmitters that cause seizure's, hyperactivity, and manic (bipolar) depression. Glycine can also be converted to another neurotransmitter, serine, as needed, and may be beneficial in the management of schizophrenia.

Histidine: An Essential Amino Acidused by our bodies to develop & maintain healthy tissues in all parts of the body, especially the myelin sheaths that coat nerve cells and ensure the transmission of messages from the brain to different parts of the body. It may be useful for treatment of mental disorders and certain types of sexual dysfunction. Histidine is important to normal sexual functioning, because it gets converted into histamine, a chemical needed to stimulate sexual arousal. May also relieve symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. Also acts as a natural detoxifier, protecting against radiation damage, and removing heavy metals from the system. It may even help prevent the onset of AIDS—histidine is crucial to the production of both red and white blood cells.

Isorhamnetina flavonoid

Anti-cancer

The anti-cancer effect of isorhamnetin has been demonstrated in in-vivo and in-vitro tests. In-vitro tests with lung cancer cells, liver cancer cells and esophageal cancer cells showed that isorhamnetin induces apoptosis of these cells. An in-vivo experiment with mice that were injected with isorhamnetin showed a reduced tumor weight.

Heart health

Both quercetin and isorhamnetin help to improve heart health. They improve the endothelial function through their antioxidant action and reduce the oxidation of HDL, resulting in a decreased risk of arteriosclerosis. Isorhamnetin is a potential candidate to explain the reduction of blood pressure and vascular protective effects observed in animal models of hypertension.

Diabetes complications

Some studies have focused on the ability of isorhamnetin to attenuate diabetes complications, such as diabetic cataract, lipid peroxidation and high blood glucose levels.

Isoleucine: An Essential Amino Acidthat is best known for its ability to increase endurance and heal and repair muscle tissue and encourage clotting. It is especially important to serious athletes and body builders because its primary function in the body is to boost energy and help the body recover from strenuous physical activity. Isoleucine is a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA). There are three branched-chain amino acids in the body, isoleucine, valine, and leucine, (moringa contains all 3) and all of them help promote muscle recovery after exercise. Isoleucine is broken down for energy within the muscle tissue. Is also keeps energy levels stable by helping to regulate blood sugar; a deficiency of isoleucine produces symptoms similar to those of hypoglycemia, and may include headaches, dizziness, fatigue, depression, confusion, and irritability. 

Kaempferol: An Antioxidant, hepatoprotective, (preventing damage to the liver.) a strong antioxidant and helps prevent oxidative damage of our cells, lipids and DNA. Kaempferol seems to prevent arteriosclerosis by inhibiting the oxidation of low density lipoprotein and the formation of platelets in the blood. Studies have also confirmed that kaempferol acts as a chemopreventive agent, which means it inhibits the formation of cancer cells. 

Vitamin K: Health Benefits of Vitamin K

Osteoporosis: The major symptom of osteoporosis is the reduction of bone density. It typically occurs after the age of fifty and is found in many post-menopausal women. It causes many complications and progresses silently when kept untreated for a number of years. After years of this gradual bone loss, the symptoms and signs of osteoporosis appear, such as spinal deformity, fractures and pain. It is around the ages between 20 and 30 that an individual’s bone mass decrease starts occurring. This is the time when bones start reaching their maximum strength and density. After this peak time, bone building starts to wane. For women, maximum bone loss starts occurring after menopause, when the estrogen levels decline. The intake of leafy vegetables, collard greens, broccoli, spinach, brussels sprouts and lettuce, all of which are rich in Vitamin K, is essential for the body. Even cow milk is good and rich in Vitamin K.

Blood Clotting: Another primary function of Vitamin K is to regulate blood clotting, due to the role in amalgamation of prothrombin. This is an automatic process that happens at the time of injury due to tears in blood vessels. Blood clotting consists of a set of molecules, which are continuously circulating through the bloodstream. Vitamin K helps in the regulation of blood clotting by transporting calcium around the body. Protein Z helps in enhancing the action done by thrombin so as to promote an association with phospholipids that are present in cell membranes. Vitamin K2 helps in improving blood disorders called myelodysplastic syndromes.

Excessive Menstrual flow: A woman experiencing excess menstrual bleeding would be deficient in Vitamin K. This will help in reducing the blood flow out of the body.

Internal Bleeding: Vitamin K helps in reducing the threat of bleeding in the liver, poor nutrient absorption, jaundice or the combination of long term use of antibiotics or aspirin. Some of the problems associated with the gastrointestinal system due to a decrease of this vitamin include  obstructions, sprue, Crohn’s disease, and colitis. These are due to a reduced content of Vitamin K.

Menstrual pain: Vitamin K helps in the proper functioning of the hormones at the right time for regular periods, which will help in reducing menstrual pain.

Pregnant Women: Pregnant women suffering from vomiting and nausea are often deficient in Vitamin K. This Vitamin intake will show good results by providing relief in less than seventy two hours and preventing mild forms of these symptoms in the future.

Hemorrhaging in Babies: This vitamin is injected into newborns to prevent hemorrhaging. Vitamin K is even essential for asthmatic children, and can be treated through continuous intake of oral drops of this vitamin.

Biliary Obtrusion: Prolonged treatment with oral antibiotics causes biliary obstruction, celiac disease, regional enteritis and ulcerative colitis, and is made even worse due to a deficiency of vitamin K. Therefore, regular vitamin K intake can prevent these complications from occurring.

Healthy Digestive/Immune Systems: In order to boost Vitamin K levels, the intake of Young Coconut Kefir, Coco-Biotic, Raw Cultured Vegetables, Milk Kefir, Liquid Spirulina by a human body can be very beneficial. This will help in increasing the content of Vitamin K and protect the digestive and immune systems.

Leucine: An Essential Amino AcidLeucine works with the amino acids isoleucine and valine to repair muscles, regulate blood sugar, and provide energy. It also increases the production of growth hormones, and helps burn visceral fat, which is located in the deepest layers of the body and the least responsive to dieting and exercise. 

Leucine, isoleucine, and valine are branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), and all three help promote muscle recovery after exercise. Leucine is the most effective BCAA for preventing muscle loss because it breaks down and is converted to glucose faster than isoleucine and valine. Increased glucose supplies prevent the body’s cannibalization of muscle for energy during intense workouts, and is popular among professional body builders. Leucine also promotes healing of bones, skin, and muscle tissue after traumatic injury, and is often recommended for those recovering from surgery. 

Because it is so easily converted to glucose, leucine helps to regulate blood sugar; a deficiency of leucine produces symptoms similar to those of hypoglycemia, which may include headaches, dizziness, fatigue, depression, confusion, and irritability.

LuteinLutein helps protect your eyes and skin from ultraviolet (UV) damage; its yellow color blocks blue (UV) light from absorption. The macula in the retina contains a lot of lutein, which not only provides the eyes with protection from sunlight’s UV rays, but also seems to lower the risk of developing Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD). AMD is a major cause of blindness in the elderly. In 2004, the Lutein Antioxidant Supplementation Trial (LAST) study showed that lutein supplementation might help reverse symptoms of macular degeneration. In this study, veterans were given lutein supplements to determine if their vision would improve. Supplementation with lutein improved symptoms of AMD in the participants. 

Lutein also protects the skin from UV damage, as well as free-radical damage. Studies have also shown that lutein reduces inflammation and redness in the skin, and may even help prevent skin cancer. In addition to the eyes and skin, lutein is deposited in the breast and cervix. Studies indicate that lutein and other carotenoids may have protective benefits against breast cancer risk. Lutein may also help to prevent or slow down atherosclerosis, a condition that causes the arteries to clog and often leads to cardiovascular disease. 

Lutein isn’t considered absolutely essential to good health, so doesn’t have an established Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). However, most researchers have concluded that a diet rich in carotenoids plays a major role in preventing a variety of ailments, including heart disease, strokes, and lung, stomach, and cervix cancers. The average American consumes between 1 and 2 milligrams of lutein per day, but this is thought to be considerably less than the amount needed to experience increased antioxidant and UV protection—up to 30 milligrams per day is generally considered safe and effective. 
Lutein cannot be manufactured by the body. The only way to take advantage of lutein's antioxidant benefits is by consuming it. 

Lysine: An Essential Amino Acid, well known for its antiviral properties. It helps prevent outbreaks of herpes and cold sores, and is needed for hormone production and the growth and maintenance of bones. 

It is involved in the production of antibodies for a strong, healthy immune system, which may be part of the reason it is so effective at fighting herpes viruses. Also been used to prevent eruptions of shingles, a blistering condition that is caused by the herpes varicella-zoster. Also helps herpes and cold sores heal more quickly. Promotes the formation of both collagen and muscle protein, and may help speed recovery from surgery and sports injuries as well.

Manganese: Manganese is a micronutrient that you don't hear much about. But manganese, which has antioxidant, free-radical-fighting properties, is important for proper food digestion and for normal bone structure. 
Benefits of manganese: Manganese can help reduce fatigue levels, prevent the incidence and severity of osteoporosis, and even improve memory. 
Manganese is a trace mineral that helps the body convert protein and fat to energy. It also promotes normal bone growth, helps maintain healthy reproductive, nervous, and immune systems, and is involved in blood sugar regulation. In addition, manganese is involved in blood clotting and the formation of cartilage and lubricating fluid in the joints. 

Although researchers today are still studying this mineral, they know it has antioxidant properties and is needed to activate a number of enzymes that allow the body to digest food. Manganese helps the body absorb vitamin B1 (thiamin) and vitamin E, and works with all B-complex vitamins to combat depression, anxiety, and other nervous disorders. 

Manganese is predominantly stored in the bones, liver, kidney, and pancreas. It is not yet known exactly how magnesium in absorbed in the body, although its availability seems to be tied in some way to iron absorption; increased amounts of iron in the diet usually coincide with decreased manganese levels. This is probably why men, who usually have higher iron levels than women, generally absorb less manganese. Taking magnesium supplements has also been shown to inhibit manganese absorption. 

Manganese has been reported to reduce heavy menstrual flows and improve thyroid function (thyroid function is dependent on a balance of manganese and iodine, and a shortage of either could cause hypothyroidism). 

Manganese deficiency symptoms: infertility, bone malformation, weakness, seizures, atherosclerosis, confusion, convulsions, eye problems, hearing problems, heart disorders, high cholesterol levels, hypertension, irritability, memory loss, muscle contractions, pancreatic damage, profuse perspiration, rapid pulse, tooth-grinding, tremors, and osteoporosis. 

Methionine: An essential amino acid, that helps process and eliminate fat. It's needed to make creatine, a nutrient that provides the energy our muscles need to move, and has shown to boost athletic performance during short, intense workouts. Creatine is necessary for all muscular function, and supports normal functioning of the heart and circulatory system. 

Methionine is essential for the formation of collagen used to form skin, nails, and connective tissue, and helps reduce the level of inflammatory histamines in the body. Conditions linked to excessive histamine production, such as arthritis and allergies, may benefit from methionine.

Methyl-4-benzyl carbamate 

Methyl-4-benzyl thiocarbamate

Molybdenum: Molybdenum has a detoxifying effect on the body, The trace element molybdenum plays a key role in the formation/activation of aldehyde oxidase. Aldehyde oxidase helps detoxify acetaldehyde which is released as a byproduct of yeast, fungi, and alcohol metabolism. Acetaldehyde is a toxic substance that may cause cancer. It also stresses the liver and kidneys and is thought to promote vitamin B deficiency. Furthermore, it inhibits the conversion of linoleic acid into gamma linolenic acid (GLA), an important anti-inflammatory fatty acid that helps fight numerous diseases and health conditions. Acetaldehyde levels are often pronounced in people who suffer from yeast infections (caused by the Candida albicans fungus) and who consume large amounts of alcohol. 

Molybdenum may bring asthma relief, Molybdenum functions as a cofactor for sulfite oxidase (sometimes spelled 'sulphite oxidase'). Sulfite oxidase is an enzyme that assists in breaking down sulfite build-up in the body by transforming sulfites into harmless sulfates. Sulfites are chemicals that are used as preservatives to inhibit browning and discoloration of certain foods. In sulfite-sensitive people these chemicals can cause asthma symptoms that can range from wheezing to a potentially life-threatening asthma attack. In some cases, sulfites may also trigger other allergy-related symptoms such as itching, hives, fainting, and respiratory problems.

Niazicinin A 

Niazicin B

Niazimicin B  

Niazimicin: Anti Cancer, cancer chemo prevention properties

Niazirinhypotensive and antioxidant activities

Niazirinin: hypotensive and antioxidant activities

Omega-3: An anti-inflammatoryOmega-3 fatty acids are a type of polyunsaturated fat considered essential for human health because the body cannot manufacture these types of acids. People must obtain omega-3 fatty acids from foods. Omega-3 fatty acids correct imbalances in modern diets that lead to health problems. Eating foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids can help lower the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke and cancer, as well as lower LDL or “bad” cholesterol.

A diet high in Omega 3 helps reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke by lowering cholesterol and triglyceride levels, enhancing the elasticity of blood vessels, and preventing the buildup of harmful fat deposits in the arteries. In fact, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has reported the majority of U.S. diets no longer contain the amount of omega-3 fatty acids needed by our bodies for overall health and wellness.

Omega-6: Omega-6 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fats, essential for human health because the body cannot manufacture them. People must obtain omega-6 fatty acids by consuming them.

Omega-9Unlike omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, the body can produce omega-9 fatty acids, but they are beneficial when obtained in food. Omega-9 fatty acids, commonly referred to as monounsaturated fatty acids, offer important health benefits. Research has shown that omega-9 fatty acids are protective against metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease risk factors. Because omega-9 fatty acids have been shown to increase HDL (“good”) cholesterol and decrease LDL (“bad”) cholesterol, they help eliminate plaque buildup in the arteries, which may cause heart attack or stroke.

Palrnitoleic Acid: Has shown to decrease LDL (“bad” cholesterol) and raising HDL (“good” cholesterol). It also lowers "hs-CRP" levels (inflammation)

Phenylalanine: An Essential Amino Acid that is needed for normal functioning of the central nervous system. It has been shown to successfully help control symptoms of depression and chronic pain, as well as other diseases linked to a malfunctioning central nervous system. The body needs phenylalanine to make epinephrine, dopamine, and norepinephrine, three neurotransmitters that basically control the way you perceive and interact with your environment. Phenylalanine may help you feel happier, less hungry and more alert; it can also treat chronic pain and improve memory and concentration.

PhosphorousNot getting enough phosphorus can cause the following health problems: anxiety, bone problems, fatigue, irregular breathing, irritability, numbness, skin sensitivity, stress, teeth weakness, tremors, weakness, worry, and weight changes, malaise, stiff joints, bone pain, glucose intolerance, irregular heartbeat and difficulty breathing. Phosphorus deficiency results in bone loss just as calcium deficiency does. 

Phosphorus also keeps your mind alert and active, stimulates your glands to secrete hormones, and keeps your muscles and heart contracting regularly and smoothly, allows proper digestion of riboflavin and niacin, aids in transmission of nerve impulses, helps your kidneys in excreting wastes, gives you long term and bountiful energy, forms the proteins that aid in reproduction, and may help block cancer. 

Phosphorus is needed by the body for bone and teeth formation. Calcium by itself can't build strong bones and tissues. New research shows calcium needs phosphorus to maximize its bone-strengthening benefits, so calcium without enough phosphorus can't do the job.

PolyphenolsAn Antioxidant, Research on the effects of dietary polyphenols on human health has developed considerably in the past 10 years. It strongly supports a role for polyphenols in the prevention of degenerative diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases and cancers. The antioxidant properties of polyphenols have been widely studied, but it has become clear that the mechanisms of action of polyphenols go beyond the modulation of oxidative stress. Current evidence strongly supports a contribution of polyphenols to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and osteoporosis and suggests a role in the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases and diabetes mellitus.

ProlamineAn Antioxidant, class of vegetable proteins that contain high levels of glutamic acid and proline.

Proline: An Amino Acid needed for the production of collagen and cartilage. It keeps muscles and joints flexible and helps reduce sagging and wrinkling that accompany UV exposure and aging of the skin. Proline helps the body break down proteins for use in creating healthy cells. It is absolutely essential to the development and maintenance of healthy skin and connective tissues, especially at the site of traumatic tissue injury. May prove beneficial for treatment of conditions such as osteoarthritis, persistent soft tissue strains, and chronic back pain. The body needs proline to maintain muscle tissue as well.

Decreases in proline levels have been noted following prolonged exercise. Serious athletes that subject their body to routine, rigorous workouts may want to take a supplement containing proline to avoid loosing muscle mass—the body begins to cannibalize its muscle for energy when glucose supplies run low. 

Pterygospermin: Antibacterial and fungicidal effects similar to penicillin and streptomycin. 

Quercetin: An Antioxidant, hepatoprotective, protects against heart disease and cancer and may help with arthritis. Quercetin can also help stabilize cells that release histamine and therefore have an anti-inflammatory and antihistamine effect. May help reduce the risk of atherosclerosis, plaque build up in arteries that can lead to heart attack or stroke. Studies show that quercetin reduces blood pressure in people who have hypertension.

RutinAn Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory, has shown potential for people suffering from colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, edema, varicose veins and hemorrhoids, osteoarthritis, cancer, thyroid issues and memory dysfunction. There is also some strong scientific evidence to suggest that rutin can help prevent blood clots

SeleniumAn AntioxidantSelenium is one of the most important micronutrients to include in a longevity minded health regimen and is frequently cited by anti aging specialists as an antioxidant that should be included on a life extension checklist. 

In fact, selenium and Vitamin E, another powerful antioxidant, are synergists, meaning they each improve the efficiency of the other. Moreover, selenium is critical for the body to produce glutathione peroxidase, the body's master antioxidant. 

Selenium is an essential trace mineral that works closely with vitamin E to provide the body with powerful antioxidant protection from the free radicals that may contribute to the development of cancer, heart disease, and arthritis. 

Selenium protects the body from free radical damage in two ways: It is incorporated into proteins to make selenoproteins, which are important antioxidant enzymes, and it helps the body manufacture it’s own natural antioxidant, glutathione. 

Benefits of Selenium: Selenium may help fight cancer. In a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, selenium reduced colorectal, lung, and prostate cancer mortality in humans by 50 percent over 10 years.* Selenium may also prevent or slow tumor growth by boosting immune cell activity and suppressing development of blood vessels to the tumor. According to Dr. Donald Lisk at Cornell University, selenium is a powerful "chemopreventive agent" which makes it a cancer fighter. Additionally, selenium intake can improve immune system strength, reduce the incidence of heart disease, keep blood vessels healthy, reduce the risk of stroke, potentially reduce anxiety and depression, and even increase fertility in men. 

Senzylisothiocyanate: No information found yet

Serine: An Amino Acidimportant to overall good health, both physical and mental. Serine is especially important to proper functioning of the brain and central nervous system. It is also involved in the function of RNA and DNA, fat and fatty acid metabolism, muscle formation, and the maintenance of a healthy immune system. The proteins used to form the brain, as well as the protective myelin sheaths that cover the nerves, contain serine. Without serine, the myelin sheaths could fray and become less efficient at delivering messages between the brain and nerve endings in the body, essentially short circuiting mental function. 

Serine is also needed to produce tryptophan, an amino acid that is used to make serotonin, a mood-determining brain chemical. Both serotonin and tryptophan shortages have been linked to depression, insomnia, confusion, and anxiety. Research suggests that low levels of serine may contribute to chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and fibromyalgia (FM). 

Serine helps produce immunoglobulins and antibodies for a strong immune system, and also aids in the absorption of creatine, a substance made from amino acids that helps build and maintain all the muscles in the body, including the heart. 

Stigmasterolmay offer protection from the most common cancers in Western societies, such as colon, breast and prostate cancer.

SulfurSulfur Deficiency Symptoms, Arthritis, Muscle stiffness, Skin Wrinkles, Weak hair and nails, Neurodegenerative disease, Insulin resistance, Fatigue, Poor circulation.

Critical Functions that Depend on Sulfur, 

Enables synthesis of glutathionewhich scientists now believe is your body’s most crucial antioxidant. Other vitamins and minerals use glutathione to carry out necessary functions. Glutathione cannot be synthesized into your system without sulfur. Your central nervous system is dependent on glutathione to protect against oxidation and the removal of peroxides. Deficiency has been linked to neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

• Oxygen transportation throughout your cells depends on maintaining adequate levels of organic sulfur in your body. Cell repair and new cell growth cannot be accomplished without this mineral.

• Conversion of carbohydrates to energy is critical to metabolism and organ function. Thiamine – vitamin B1 – handles this task but needs sulfur to do it.

• Regulating your blood sugar level requires sulfur. The amino acid chains inside insulin molecules are held together with “bridges” made from sulfur.

• Creating energy through your mitochondria – your cell’s energy factories – is dependent on sulfur and iron.

• Stabilizing your metabolism with methionine requires sulfur. Methionine is an essential amino acid that directly impacts your metabolic functions. The body cannot store methionine and is dependent on dietary sources.

• Synthesizing glutathione requires cysteine – and cysteine requires sulfur in order to be synthesized by the body. Your body doesn’t function correctly unless an adequate amount of nutrients are available to work together.

Superoxide Dismutase: An Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory: Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) is an enzyme that repairs cells and reduces the damage done to them by superoxide, the most common free radical in the body. SOD is found in both the dermis and the epidermis, and is key to the production of healthy fibroblasts (skin-building cells). 

Studies have shown that SOD acts as both an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory in the body, neutralizing the free radicals that can lead to wrinkles and precancerous cell changes. Researchers are currently studying the potential of superoxide dismutase as an anti-aging treatment, since it is now known that SOD levels drop while free radical levels increase as we age. 

Superoxide Dismutase helps the body use zinc, copper, and manganese. There are two types of SOD: copper/zinc (Cu/Zn) SOD and manganese (Mn) SOD. Each type of SOD plays a different role in keeping cells healthy. Cu/Zn SOD protects the cells’ cytoplasm, and Mn SOD protects their mitochondria from free radical damage. 

Abnormalities in the copper and zinc dependent superoxide dismutase gene may contribute to the development of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig’s disease, in some people. ALS is a fatal disease that causes deterioration of motor nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. It has been theorized that low levels of superoxide dismutase in those with ALS leaves nerve cells unprotected from the free radicals that can kill them, so researchers have been studying the effect of vitamin E and other antioxidant supplements on the progression of this disease. It was hoped that regular doses of antioxidants could make up for the lack of SOD and help neutralize free radicals. Initial studies were promising, and indicated that vitamin E supplementation could potentially slow the progression of ALS, with some researchers claiming that the risk of death from ALS was as much as 62 percent lower in regular vitamin E users compared to nonusers. 

Superoxide Dismutase has also been used to treat arthritis, prostate problems, corneal ulcers, burn injuries, inflammatory diseases, inflammatory bowel disease, and long-term damage from exposure to smoke and radiation, and to prevent side effects of cancer drugs. In its topical form, it may help to reduce facial wrinkles, scar tissue, heal wounds and burns, lighten dark or hyperpigmentation, and protect against harmful UV rays.

Tyrosine: An Amino Acid, May help with depression, ADD, ADHD, narcolepsy, improving alertness following sleep deprivation. stress, PMS, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, chronic fatigue syndrome, alcohol and cocaine withdrawal, heart disease and stroke, erectile dysfunction, loss of interest in sex, schizophrenia, appetite suppressant. Some people also apply tyrosine to the skin to reduce age-related wrinkles.

ThreonineAn Essential Amino Acidthat promotes normal growth by helping to maintain the proper protein balance in the body. Threonine also supports cardiovascular, liver, central nervous, and immune system function. It is also needed to create glycine and serine, two amino acids that are necessary for the production of collagen, elastin, and muscle tissue. Threonine helps keep connective tissues and muscles throughout the body strong and elastic, including the heart, where it is found in significant amounts. It also helps build strong bones and tooth enamel, and may speed wound healing or recovery from injury. 

TryptophanAn Essential Amino Acid, it is important to the functions of many organs in the body. When you consume tryptophan, your body  changes it to serotonin. Serotonin transmits signals between your nerve cells and also narrows (constricts) blood vessels. The amount of serotonin in the brain can affect mood.

ValineAn Essential Amino Acidis a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) that works with the other two BCAAs, isoleucine and leucine, to promote normal growth, repair tissues, regulate blood sugar levels, and provide the body with energy. Valine helps stimulate the central nervous system, and is needed for proper mental functioning. 

Valine helps prevent the breakdown of muscle by supplying the muscles with extra glucose for energy production during intense physical activity. Valine also helps remove potentially toxic excess nitrogen from the liver, and is able to transport nitrogen to other tissues in the body as needed. Valine may help treat liver and gallbladder disease, as well as damage to these organs caused by alcoholism and drug abuse. Valine may help treat or even reverse hepatic encephalopathy, or alcohol-related brain damage.

Violaxanthin An antioxidant, 

Y-tocopherolThe major form of vitamin E. anti inflammatory, Some human and animal studies indicate that plasma concentrations of gamma-tocopherol are inversely associated with the incidence of cardiovascular disease and prostate cancer.

Zeatin  An antioxidantA study published in Rejuvenation Research shows the undeniable youth-preserving effects of zeatin on aging human skin. Zeatin has recently become increasingly sought after because of its powerful anti-aging properties. It defends cells against free radical damage, protects healthy cells from the effects of stress, helps the body replace dying cells more rapidly, and strengthens living cells, thereby slowing the aging process. No plant has as much zeatin than the moringa plant. In fact, moringa has several thousand times more zeatin than any other known plant.

ZeaxanthinZeaxanthin is a bioflavonoid (or flavonoid), which is a type pigment found in almost all herbs, fruits, and vegetables. Bioflavonoids provide the body with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant protection, and are one of the main reasons fruits and vegetables are so healthy to eat. Zeaxanthin belongs to a group of bioflavonoids known as carotenoids, a group that is further subdivided into two groups: carotenes and xanthophylls. Zeaxanthin is one of the xanthophylls, which are found most abundantly in dark, leafy green vegetables, and are crucial to the good health of the eyes. The retina of the eye actually contains a lot of zeaxanthin, which is why it is so important to include this carotenoid in your diet. 

Zeaxanthin helps protect the eye from ultraviolet (UV) damage, and prevents free-radical damage to the retina and the lens of the eye that is associated with diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, cataracts, and glaucoma.

4-benzyl isothiocyanate

4-benzyl glucosinolate

4 benzyl nitrile